Hedging in Forex Trading ?

December 6, 2009 by  
Filed under Forex Trading

Just like in the stock market, forex investors often use a strategy called hedging to reduce some of the risk involved in trading. Many people believe in hedging transactions like buying an insurance policy for their currency position. It acts more or less the same way. Using investment vehicles known to financial futures, Forex traders can rest easy knowing that all losses are covered by the backup plan.

A type of financial instrument futures that many forex traders use to hedge a position is a futures contract, which is an agreement for the exchange of one currency to another at a specified futures price at the last the closing date. The contract currency futures are bought and sold on the forex market just like any other instrument such as shares or currencies.

For example, say you used to use the dollars to take a long position in euros on the forex market, but you are worried that the price of euro fell against the dollar. One thing you could do is buy a futures contract dollars using euros. As external factors affecting the prices of currencies, the price of futures contracts up and down as well, allowing your contract to Euro-dollars to offset your long position in euros. If the euro weakens, the price of futures contract rises, and vice versa. Thus, you have therefore eliminated the risk of your investment money.

Another form of hedging in the forex market is practiced regularly by companies who trade internationally with many clients in Europe. A weaker euro would cost money in the long run because the original price quoted in euros does not result in as many dollars. Taking a long position in dollars using the euro, the company would just as much money on the Forex it lost to fall on the value of the euro. Similarly, if it loses money on the forex market due to a fall in the dollar, the company would compensate the increase in profits due to the greater value of the euro on the sale of its products.

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